Which Caverns in New Mexico Have the World’s Largest Underground Chambers?
5 The Cascade Caverns
These caverns are located on the New Mexico and Texas border around the Guadalupe Mountains. They are known as “living caves” because of the water that steadily drips down the cave walls and continues to add to the rock formations. The entrance is a large and picturesque waterfall, and together with the indoor water drops, these caverns are a showpiece of amazing design and color. These are one of the few caverns in New Mexico and Texas that feature natural indoor waterfalls.
4 Natural Bridges Cavern
This is a historical cavern that is located on the border of New Mexico and Texas and has two main passages that are filled with historical artifacts, as well as natural beauty. The two long chambers are both about 180 feet below the surface and boast of spectacular formations of stalagmites, stalactites, flowstones, chandeliers and soda straws. History buffs will love the revelations of this massive cavern as they study the ancient tools on display and explore the unique ancient carvings.
3 Fort Stanton
The Fort Stanton Cave is located in the east-central New Mexico Territory, and in 1855, the U.S Army established this as its Infantry and Cavalry post. The main underground chamber, at 19.33 miles long, is the third-longest underground chamber in New Mexico, and the 33rd longest in the U.S. The Snowy River is another one of the chambers within this cavern, and it is the longest cave formation in the world. It gets its name because of the bright white crystal calcite that covers the floor of the passage. Much of this chamber hasn’t yet been surveyed, so for those enthusiastic travelers who want to get noticed, this would be a great chamber to explore.
2 The Lechuguilla Cavern
The Lechuguilla Cavern is also located in the Carlsbad Caverns National Park. It is the fifth-longest explored cave in the world and has been mapped with more than 120 miles of passages and a depth of 1,604 feet, which makes it the deepest underground chamber in the U.S. The cavern is named after the Agave lechuguilla, which is a species of plant that grows at the entrance to the chamber, and explorers come from all over the world to see its beauty.
1 The Carlsbad Caverns
The Carlsbad Caverns feature some of the largest underground chambers in the world. They are located in the southern part of the Guadalupe Mountains and feature 87 underground chambers. This cavern is not only one of the oldest cave systems in the world, but it’s also the most famous because of its size and astounding formations that are characterized with amazing colors and shapes. Within this cavern is the Big Room, which is a natural limestone chamber 4,000 feet long, 625 feet wide and 255 feet high at the highest point. It’s also the largest underground chamber in North America. Some of the other chambers are the Kings Palace, Left Hand Tunnel, Lower Cave and Hall of the White Giant.